FAQ Credit Scores

Dieses Thema im Forum "Alltagsleben in den USA" wurde erstellt von ApexLongimanus, 17. Februar 2009.

  1. ApexLongimanus

    ApexLongimanus New Member

    309
    0
    41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W
    Mitgliederkarte

    Credit Scores Are Vital to Your Financial Health

    A credit score is a number that helps lenders and others predict how likely you are to make your credit payments on time. Each score is based on the information then in your credit report.

    Why Do Your Scores Matter?

    Credit scores affect whether you can get credit and what you pay for credit cards, auto loans, mortgages and other kinds of credit. For most kinds of credit scores, higher scores mean you are more likely to be approved and pay a lower interest rate on new credit.

    Want to rent an apartment? Without good scores, your apartment application may be turned down by the landlord. Your scores also may determine how big a deposit you will have to pay for telephone, electricity or natural gas service.
    Lenders look at your scores all the time. They look at your scores when deciding, for example, whether to change your interest rate or credit limit on a credit card, or whether to send you an offer through the mail. Having good credit scores makes your financial dealings a lot easier and can save you money in lower interest rates. That's why they are a vital part of your financial health.
    Consider a couple who is looking to buy their first house.Let's say they want a thirty-year mortgage loan and their FICO credit scores are 720. They could qualify for a mortgage with a low 5.5 percent interest rate*. But if their scores are 580, they probably would pay 8.5 percent* or more -- that's at least 3 full percentage points more in interest. On a $100,000 mortgage loan, that 3 point difference will cost them $2,400 dollars a year, adding up to $72,000 dollars more over the loan's 30-year lifetime. Your credit scores do matter.
    *Interest rates are subject to change. These rates were offered by lenders in 2005.

    What is a Good Score?

    When lenders talk about "your score," they usually mean the FICO® score developed by Fair Isaac Corporation. It is today's most commonly used scoring system. FICO scores range from 300-850, and most people score in the 600s and 700s (higher FICO scores are better). Lenders buy your FICO score from three national credit reporting agencies (also called credit bureaus): Equifax, Experian and TransUnion.
    In the eyes of most lenders, FICO credit scores above 700 are very good and a sign of good financial health. FICO scores below 600 indicate high risk to lenders and could lead lenders to charge you much higher rates or turn down your credit application.
    Not Just One Score


    There are many types of credit scores. They are developed by independent companies, credit reporting agencies, and even some lenders. As a rule, the higher the score, the better.
    • Each credit reporting agency calculates your score and each score may be different because the credit history each agency has about you may be different. Lenders may make a credit card or auto loan decision based on a single agency's score, although others such as mortgage lenders often will look at all three scores.
    • Your credit score changes when your information changes at that credit reporting agency. This is good news! It means you can improve a poor score over time by improving how you handle credit.
    • Many insurance companies use something similar when setting your insurance rates, called a “credit-based insurance score.” You may be able to improve your insurance score by improving how you handle credit, which in turn may lower your premium payments on auto or homeowners insurance.
    • Some credit scores offered to consumers are just estimates and are different from the credit risk scores lenders actually use, although they may appear similar. Consumer reporting agencies and other companies sometimes use an estimated score to illustrate a consumer's general level of credit risk. How might you tell whether a score is estimated? Ask the company if the score is used by most lenders. If it isn't, it is likely to be an estimated score.
    Five Parts to Your FICO Credit Scores
    As a rule, credit scores analyze the credit-related information on your credit report. How they do this varies. Since FICO scores are frequently used, here is how these scores assess what is on your credit report.
    1.Your payment history – about 35% of a FICO score
    Have you paid your credit accounts on time? Late payments, bankruptcies, and other negative items can hurt your credit score. But a solid record of on-time payments helps your score.
    2.How much you owe – about 30% of a FICO score
    FICO scores look at the amounts you owe on all your accounts, the number of accounts with balances, and how much of your available credit you are using. The more you owe compared to your credit limit, the lower your score will be.
    3.Length of your credit history – about 15% of a FICO score
    A longer credit history will increase your score. However, you can get a high score with a short credit history if the rest of your credit report shows responsible credit management.
    4.New credit – about 10% of a FICO score
    If you have recently applied for or opened new credit accounts, your credit score will weigh this fact against the rest of your credit history. FICO scores distinguish between a search for a single loan and a search for many new credit lines, in part by the length of time over which inquiries occur. If you need a loan, do your rate shopping within a focused period of time, such as 30 days, to avoid lowering your FICO score.
    5.Other factors – about 10% of a FICO score
    Several minor factors also can influence your score. For example, having a mix of credit types on your credit report – credit cards, installment loans such as a mortgage or auto loan, and personal lines of credit – is normal for people with longer credit histories and can add slightly to their scores.


    What's NOT In Your Scores

    By law, credit scores may not consider your race, color, religion, national origin, sex and marital status, and whether you receive public assistance or exercise any consumer right under the federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act or the Fair Credit Reporting Act.

    Learn Your Scores Soon
    It's now easy to get your credit scores to check your financial health. Different sources provide credit scores to consumers via the Internet, telephone or U.S. Mail. For most scores, you will need to pay a small amount. You also will be asked to prove your identity to make sure your financial information isn't given to the wrong person.

    Here are recommended places you can get your scores:

    ANNUAL CREDIT REPORT SERVICE
    Congress recently established this outlet to make it easier for consumers to get their credit reports and credit scores from the three national credit reporting agencies.

    Web:www.annualcreditreport.com
    Phone: 1 877 322 8228
    U.S. Mail:
    Annual Credit Report Request Service
    P. O. Box 105281
    Atlanta, GA 30348-5281 The price for credit scores is being determined by the Federal Trade Commission Credit Reports and Scoring.
    One free credit report per year from each credit reporting agency.
    Each credit reporting agency offers a different type of credit score to consumers.FICO score via:
    Equifax 300-850
    Experian score 330-830
    TransUnion score 150-934 MYFICO.COM
    The consumer Internet site of Fair Isaac Corporation which developed the FICO score.

    Web: www.myfico.com
    $14.95 for one FICO score and credit report. $44.85 for all three FICO scores and credit reports from the three credit reporting agencies (2005 pricing).This score is most often used by lenders. It lets you see how prospective lenders would evaluate your credit history.FICO score from Equifax, Experian and/or Trans Union 300-850 INDIVIDUAL CREDIT REPORTING AGENCIES:
    Equifax
    Web: www.equifax.com
    Phone: 1 800 685 1111
    Experian
    Web: www.experian.com
    Phone: 1 866 200 6020
    TransUnion
    Web: www.transunion.com
    Phone: 1 800-888-4213
    Prices for credit scores with credit reports vary from $14.95 to $34.95 (2005 pricing).Each credit reporting agency offers a different type of credit score to consumers.FICO score via:
    Equifax 300-850
    Experian score 330-830
    TransUnion score 150-934 MORTGAGE LENDERS
    Credit Score is free when applying for mortgage or home equity loan.This score will likely be the actual score used to evaluate your application. Ask your lender to be sure.FICO score from Equifax, Experian or Trans Union 300-850


    Helpful Tips
    1.When you get your credit scores, make sure you also learn the highest and lowest scores possible, as well as the most important factors that influenced your scores. These factors can give you an idea of how you can improve your scores.
    2.Getting your own credit scores or credit reports won't affect your scores, as long as you order them from one of the sources we list here.
    3.Review your credit reports for accuracy. Mistakes and omissions on your credit reports probably will affect your credit scores. If you spot an error, contact the credit reporting agency and the creditor whose information is wrong.
    4.If you have questions or problems with your credit scores, contact the company that provided them to you.

    Boosting Your Scores
    Your credit scores change when new information is reported by your creditors. So your scores will improve over time when you manage your credit responsibly.


    Here are some general ways to improve your credit scores:
    • <LI class=style4>Pay your bills on time. Delinquent payments and collections can really hurt your score. <LI class=style4>Keep balances low on credit cards. High debt levels can hurt your score. <LI class=style4>Pay off debt rather than moving it between credit cards. The most effective way to improve your score in this area is to pay down your revolving credit. <LI class=style4>Apply for and open new credit accounts only when you need them. <LI class=style4>Check your credit report regularly for accuracy and contact the creditor and credit reporting agency to correct any errors.
    • If you have missed payments, get current and stay current. The longer you pay your bills on time, the better your score.
    Improving your credit scores can help you:
    • Lower your interest rates
    • Speed up credit approvals
    • Reduce deposits required by utilities
    • Get approved for apartments
    • Get better credit card, auto loan and mortgage offers
    http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/money/creditscores/your.htm
     
  2. ApexLongimanus

    ApexLongimanus New Member

    309
    0
    41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W
    Mitgliederkarte

    admin/mods/super-mods/extrem-super-mods, bitte verschieben wenn ihr meint das es einen besseren platz fuer das obige gibt....

    thx.
     
  3. dago

    dago Guest

    Also nachdem ich meine scores mal intensiv angesehen habe, bin ich von der Genauigkeit nicht mehr so ueberzeugt: Da wird z. B. der Name meiner Frau an meinen als Doppelname drangehaengt, obwohl ich das nie so gehandhabt habe. Der richtige Name steht allerdings zuerst.
    Weiter werden fruehere Wohnsitze meiner Frau in USA, als wir uns noch garnicht kannten, ebenfalls als meine frueheren Wohnsitze gelistet.
    Vermutlich hat es einen Sinn, und wenn es nur Un-Sinn ist.

    Gruss DagO
     
  4. kristin711

    kristin711 New Member

    292
    0
    Stuttgart, Germany
    Mitgliederkarte

    Wie ist das denn jetzt mit den credit reports? Ich kriege einen von jeder agency pro Jahr for free? Un ddie Preise gelten, wenn ich mehrmals im Jahr einen haben moechte?
    Und man sollte alle 3 anfordern, weil die unterschiedliche scores haben koennen? :unsicher
     
  5. Saran

    Saran New Member

    29
    0
    Seattle, WA
    Mitgliederkarte

    Du kannst einmal pro jahr einen free Credit Report bei jeden der hier angegebenen Büros bekommen. In diesen free Reports ist nicht Dein Fico Score enthalten. Es werden lediglich die Inhalte Deines Credit Reports gelistet.... Zum checken sozusagen.
     
  6. tbads

    tbads New Member

    343
    0
    Oklahoma
    Mitgliederkarte

    Das ist die Webseite dazu, hier bekommst Du pro Credit Agency einen Credit Report umsonst pro Jahr. Ich mach ca. alle 4 Monate bei einer der Agenturen im Wechsel, dadurch kriegst Du eben alle 4 Monate einen frischen, kostenlosen Credit Report:

    www.annualcreditreport.com
     
  7. msd

    msd New Member Citizen

    273
    0
    CoSpr
    Mitgliederkarte

    Anscheinend gibt es jetzt (zumindest bei USAA) eine neue Regelung. Wegen der Rezession wird man automatisch abgelehnt wenn man keinen Job hat. Auch wenn der Partner co-signen würde. Da haben mein Mann und ich aber schön blöd geschaut. Ich wohn noch nicht in den USA aber er wollte für mich eine Kreditkarte damit ich sie zu hause benutzen kann und damit ein bisschen anfangen kann, meinen CS aufzubauen.

    Wir haben es dann so gemacht dass ich eine Kreditkarte auf seinen Checking Account kriege. Somit baut sich mein CS auf auch wenn er die ganze Zeit nur seine CC benutzt.
    Praktüsch!!
     
  8. ApexLongimanus

    ApexLongimanus New Member

    309
    0
    41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W
    Mitgliederkarte

    eine kreditkarte auf ein checking account gibt es nicht. was du hast ist hoechstwahrscheinlich eine debit card. schau mal ob auf deiner irgendwo :debit: drauf steht.

    leider hilft so eine karte nicht fuer den aufbau einer credit history oder fuer den credit score.
     
  9. msd

    msd New Member Citizen

    273
    0
    CoSpr
    Mitgliederkarte

    Ok falsch beschrieben! Ich vergess immer dass das nichts mit dem Konto zu tun hat. Naja höchstens wie viel man drauf hat damit man nachher die Rechnung bezahlen kann. :D
    Debid Card hab ich auch. Die ist dann natürlich mit dem Konto verknüpft.

    Das was ich noch dazu bekomm ist ne CC. Aber das was damit gekauft wird kommt auf seine Rechnung. Mein Name auf der Karte aber die gleiche Nummer wie auf seiner Karte. So wars gemeint. Laut der Dame von USAA hilft das für meinen Credit Score.
     
    Zuletzt bearbeitet: 11. Juni 2010
  10. ApexLongimanus

    ApexLongimanus New Member

    309
    0
    41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W
    Mitgliederkarte

    got ya. das ist hilfreich!
     
  11. MajorM

    MajorM New Member

    11
    0

    Wusste jetzt nicht wohin und hoffe es passt hier einigermassen:

    Beeinflusst ein schlechter Schufa Eintrag meinen Credit Score hier in den USA? Bzw. arbeitet die Schufa mit irgendeiner US Behoerde zusammen?

    Hintergrund ist der, dass mir in Folge des Umzuges hier her hoechstwahrscheinlich einen (ersten) Eintrag eingehandelt habe, da ich auf einer meiner deutschen KKs leicht im Minus war, und dies nicht gemerkt habe bis mir das Konto gekuendigt wurde, da saemtliche Mahnungen an meine deutsche und somit abgemeldete Adresse gingen.

    Danke euch!
     
  12. Blauregen

    Blauregen Active Member

    886
    107
    Houston, Texas - jetzt wieder Minden, NRW
    Mitgliederkarte

    Also ein guter Schufa-Eintrag beeinflusst den Credit Score auch nicht, keine Chance. Wollte unsere Bank gar nicht sehen. Die kennen nix Schufa und wollen da auch nix von wissen. Also vermute ich mal, dass auch ein schlechter Eintrag nichts macht. Allerdings ist ein nicht vorhandener Credit Score genau so doof wie ein schlechter - und bei null faengst du erst mal an.
     

Diese Seite empfehlen